- A single foreign missionary could not establish the church throughout the Six Provinces of China.
- An unlimited supply of men and money at his command could not do it.
- The ordination of a few natives specially trained by us, and dependent for their own support and the support of their families through salaries provided either by us or by a small native Christian community, could not expand the church rapidly.
- The denial of any native church leadership at the beginning, seemed to me to render any wide expansion of the Church impossible.
- To suggest at the very beginning of missionary work that there was something essentially foreign about the Church which demanded the direction of a foreign control.
“The years that have passed since that early experience, and careful examination of our missionary work in other lands have confirmed the impression [above]. I find that many of our missionaries are inclining to take the same view, and often welcome being reminded. Many are beginning to perceive that we cannot establish a foreign church governed and directed by foreigners, and then at some moment say: "Let us make it indigenous or native by process of down grading." If the church is to be indigenous it must spring up in the soil from the very first seeds planted. One or two little groups of Christians organized as churches, with their leaders, could spread all over an empire. They would be obviously and without question “Native Churches”. If we establish “missions or mission stations” rather than “churches”, two evil consequences occur. Sterility and antagonism. In other words, they are unable to reproduce themselves and they develop opposition toward those who planted in the first place.”
Roland Allen, Edited by Sherman Driver