Let me start with the meaning of “Pentecost” which Luke said arrived in Acts 2:1. The title refers to “a Jewish harvest celebrated on the fiftieth day after Passover. At the time this took place, Jesus celebrated the Passover with His disciples the night before His crucifixion. It was at the Passover celebration that Jesus introduced the Lord’s Supper (Luke 22:14-20).
Jesus knew the spiritual significance of Pentecost as He spoke to His disciples just before He ascended into heaven. “And while staying with them he ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father” (Acts 1:4). This is followed in verse 8 with the last promise from the Jesus. “But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.”
During those ten days of waiting, the disciples spent time in prayer and preparation for this event. When Pentecost came, “they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind…and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit” (2:1-4).
The significance of this day was remembered by Paul; “I will stay in Ephesus until Pentecost” (1 Corinthians 16:8). Not only was this day the birth of the Christian Church, it was the beginning of Spirit empowered witness to the resurrection and freedom from sin through the gospel of grace.
What is important to remember is that God fulfilled His promise to send the Holy Spirit to be with us and in us who believe forever (John 14:15-17). Is He filling you with the power of Christ?
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